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2.LED Knowledge
3.LED energy-saving lamps on the detection of North American Points
4.Safety lamps commonly used in reference
5.LED color temperature standard of basic knowledge and instructions ROHs
6.LED Tube Support

one. Related definitions
1. Lighting: Any energy distribution, showing a change in one or more light sources or light emitted by an appliance, and includes support, fixed, and the necessary components to protect sources (but not including the light source itself), and the necessary auxiliary devices and circuits will be they are connected with power supply facilities.
2. General lighting: provided to prevent accidental contact with live parts protected, but no special dust, solid foreign bodies and water level of the lamp.
3. Portable lamps: normal use, the lamp is connected to the power from one to another at the light.
4. Fixed light: not easily moved from one place to another at the light, because light can only be fixed so that the help of this tool to remove.
5. Recessed luminaries: specified by the manufacturer fully or partially embedded in the surface of the lighting installation.
6. Live parts: in the course of normal use may cause electric shock conductive parts. Center conductor should be seen as live parts.
7. EN safety extra low voltage (SELV-safety extra-low voltage): such as security through isolation transformers or converters and power supply to isolate the circuit between conductors or between any conductor and ground, the AC voltage RMS does not exceed 50V.
8. UL low voltage line: open circuit voltage does not exceed 30V rms AC voltage line.
9. Basic insulation (EN): added to the live parts to provide basic protection against electric shock on the insulation. Pressure should be more than 2U +1000 V (U: the local power grid voltage).
10. Supplementary insulation (EN): Additional insulation on the basis of the basic independent insulation, insulation failure to provide for basic protection against electric shock. Pressure value should be in the 2U +1750 V or more (single).
11. Double insulation (EN): composed of basic insulation and supplementary insulation insulation value of voltage should 4U +2750 V above (basic insulation and supplementary insulation and).
12. Reinforced insulation (EN): insulation and double insulation rather a strengthening of the insulation. Overall, it is generally as a layer, but also by multi-layer composition, and the layers can not be divided clearly and measured separately. Pressure value should be in 4U +2750 V or more.
13. CLASS O-level lights (EN): only basic insulation of electric shock protection of the lamp, no grounding other protective measures.
14. CLASS I-class Light (EN): In addition to basic insulation of electric shock protection, but also using other protective measures such as grounding of the lamp.
15. CLASS II-class lamps (EN): a double insulation or increase the insulation of electrical shock protection of the lamp. The insulating effect is not dependent on ground or installation conditions.
16. CLASS III level lights (EN): Use safety extra-low voltage (SELV) for the anti-shock protection mode lamps.
17. Ordinary combustible materials (normally flammable material): material ignition temperature of at least 200 ℃, and at this temperature the material will not deform or reduces the strength. Such as wood and thickness greater than 2mm of wood as a substrate material.
18. Flammable materials (readily flammable material): ordinary combustible materials and non-combustible material other than a material. For example, wood fiber and wood thickness of less than 2 as a substrate material.
19. Non-combustible materials (non-combustible material): can not combustion material. Such as metal, cement, etc.
20: approval test (type test): Test samples were tested for stereotypes, which aims to test a given product design meets the requirements of the standard, but by setting the test product at the production stage after compliance with standards, the need to test reports and related documents to be guaranteed.

two. Bulb Profile
1. Incandescent light bulbs, including incandescent, quartz halogen bulbs and bulbs and so on. Common incandescent bulbs are: Type A, B, C, G, R, T, the European Lamp Base - E14, E27. Among them, the British also use the B15, B22; North America Bulb Base Type - E12, E17, E26. E-Edison (Edison Screw the mouth); B-Bayonet (Bayonet)
2. Fluorescent tubes, commonly used with FL (T5, T8, T12 ...), PL-S, PL-C, 2D, and energy-saving lamps. Note: FL on incandescent light bulbs and fluorescent tubes usually expressed as: that type (Type) of the letter with the Arabic numerals, for example: A19, B10, C7, G25, S11, T8 ..., which is probably the lamp Arabic numerals diameter, such as the A19 bulb diameter D = 19 * 1 /8 ", and then multiplied by 25.4 is in mm bulb diameter. exception: Euro R with the number of bubbles of the actual size of light bulbs, such as R50, R80 ... common light bulb shape:

three. Lighting Category
(A) of the installation:
Portable lighting: table lamp, hanging lamp, floor lamp fixed lighting: ceiling (ceiling), chandeliers, wall lamps, embedded lights, track lights.
(B) the use of the environment:
1. EN specifications
1) indoor use: using symbols, the outer surface of the metal parts to be treated with preservatives;
2) outdoor use: to use symbols, the outer surface of the metal parts to be treated with preservatives;
Special requirements: water spray test (which requires a minimum Ф3.2mm leaking hole), the metal pieces inside and outside surfaces should be treated with preservatives.
2. UL /CSA specifications
1) dry environment (DRY LOCATION): up to moisture being larger. Such as living room, living room, kitchen and other indoor environments.
2) tidal environment (DAMP LOCATION): At least there will be periodic moisture liquefaction phenomenon. Example bathroom, cellar freezer and other indoor wet environment and within the canopy on the balcony, the door cover to protect myself and other shelters outdoor environment.
3) wet environment (WET LOCATION): at least subjected to rain or water splash. For example, ground water and all the outdoor environment and the car wash so the water can be poured into the indoor environment.
Note: tidal environment, wet environment, especially the main requirements: water spray test (which requires a minimum leakage hole 3.2mm), the metal pieces inside and outside surfaces should be treated with preservatives, head to be corrosion-resistant conductive contacts (copper end pieces).
(C) by using a standard category
1. North American system: the main is UL /CSA specifications system. Voltage AC100V ~ 127V, 60HZ, including North America, South America, some countries and Japan, the Philippines, Taiwan and other former colonies. UL Lab. According to CSA standards for product testing, conformity is available cUL MARK exported to Canada.
Our current UL FILE:
1) E219568-portable lamps;
2) E203552-fixed lighting;
2. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC-International Electrotechnical Commission) system: including, Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, Southeast Asia, most countries and regions. Specifications are listed as a reference EN60598 series of standards coupled with the country (region) of the special requirements (such as voltage, plug type, etc.). China in 1957 to participate in IEC, the IEC is currently Board Director, Executive Committee member of the Board and conformity assessment. Lighting industry, national standards GB7000 series corresponds to the IEC60598 series.
One IEC (EN) products can also be subdivided into the following categories:
(1) the degree of protection against electric shock:
A. CLASS 0 级 lights, no representative symbols. Characteristics: high-voltage power supply voltage is above 50V /single insulated /non-grounded.
B. CLASS I-level lights, no representative symbols. Single-layer insulation, touch the exposed metal can be grounded. CLASS I may have some light in the structure of CLASS II structure. Characteristics: high-voltage power supply voltage is above 50V /single insulated /grounded.
C. CLASS II-level light, with the symbol "" indicates. Class II double insulated structure is usually light, but some structure is CLASS III structure (such as after a low-pressure part of the transformer). (Built-in transformer should be designed as two types of lamps). Characteristics: high-voltage power supply voltage is above 50V /double insulated /no ground.
D. CLASS III-level lights. With the symbol "" indicates, the power supply for safety extra-low voltage SELV (external transformer-line lamps) features: power supply voltage is below 50V low voltage /single-layer insulation /no ground.
(2) by dust-proof solid foreign objects, moisture capacity IP Index distinguish: IPXX first digit: Dust-solid foreign index, seven sub-level 0-6. The greater number of anti-dust ability of solid foreign bodies stronger.
0: no protection;
1: Anti-solid foreign objects greater than 50mm;
2: anti-solid foreign objects greater than 12mm
; 3: anti-solid foreign objects greater than 2.5mm;
4: Anti-solid foreign objects greater than 1mm;
5: dust;
6: dust density
Second digit: moisture capacity index, nine sub-level 0-8. Higher the number the stronger moisture resistance;
0: no protection;
1: Anti-drop (vertical);
2: drip (tilted 15 degrees);
3: Anti-watering (60 degrees);
4: The splash of water;
5: Anti-water:
6: Anti-violent waves;
7: Anti-flooding effect;
8: anti-dive effect.
Description: 1) General lighting protection class IP20, generally not marked.
2) The outdoor lighting of protection IP # in IP23 or more generally, and the need to label.
(3) The distinction between the mounting surface flammability:
A. Only suitable for direct installation in a non-combustible surface of the lamp, with the symbol "" indicates.
B. Suitable for installation in ordinary combustible surface of the lamp, with the symbol "" indicates.
C. Can be installed in ordinary combustible insulating material may cover the surface and lighting situations (ie, embedded), use "" for.

four. The main electrical components
Material requirements:
UL /cUL /CAS Specifications:
Current carrier (conductor) must be copper, copper alloy, nickel alloy, or stainless steel.
EN Standards:
Carrying parts (conductor) copper or copper by at least 80% of the copper alloy, or at least have the same electrical properties of the material.
1. Base:
1.1 UL /cUL /CAS specification (AC120V 60HZ) Specifications for the E26, E17, E12, multi-use ceramic and bakelite lamp holder, can not use the aluminum head. Mostly with E26 lamp switch, E17, E12 lamp holder without switch. Require UL certification.
1.2 EN specifications (AC220V ~ 230V 50HZ) Specifications for the E14, E27 screw lamp, mostly plastic head, there are ceramic lamp holder, bakelite lamp less. E27 base is generally resistant to temperature 210 ℃ (60W or 60W the following), 100W generally use ceramic lamp. General head without switch. VDE certification required or appropriate
1.3 SAA /BS specifications (AC240V 50HZ) used B22 and B15 bayonet cap, regardless of polarity, but also with E27, E14 screw head, generally with no switch.
1.4 GB size (AC220V 50HZ) used E14, E27 screw lamp, but also B22 bayonet cap. Require CQC.
2. Switch
2.1 UL /cUL /CAS Specifications:
A, rotary switch: such as lamp switches, base switch.
B, half-way switch: switch to the outlet from the middle of the bit length is not less than 20cm.
C, rectangular pull switch: used for quartz lamp, some lamps are used, the general installation requirements for the open Shimonoseki, the first open, closed, left open the right off, but in order to meet customer requirements for the principle.
D, dimmer: a rotating: the gradually from dark to light, no dimming.
Three stereotypes: that the weak light → light → off
E, touch switches: four type → weak light → light → light → Strong off
2.2 EN specifications
A, head pressing the switch
B, the direction of the base pull switch with UL installation requirements
C, square pull switch direction with UL installation requirements
D, half-way switches (single-pole system): general switch to the outlet to the middle of the bit length is not less than 20cm; foot switch (pressing the switch or dimmer): General qualifying position to the foot pedal distance not less than 30cm.
2.3 SAA /BS specifications SAA pole switch with a switch generally, sub-base switch and half-way switch (two-pole system), but unless customers have special requirements; BS with a single-pole system, with VDE requirements.
2.4 GB size with a CQC, CCC-certified switch, lamp, clip lamp pressing the switch, switch to the outgoing bit length is not less than 20cm; floor lamp with a foot switch; qualifying position to not less than 30cm away from the foot switch .
3. Power cord:
3.1 UL /cUL /CAS Specifications:
Generally transparent with the SPT-2 power cord plug a hole the size of the foot, requires inserts made of nickel-plated copper, with the word line connected to the feet of Mark L pole, striped with Bigfoot as the N pole, switch to cut off a word Mark the wire. Black is also useful plug-line, double the size of the foot flat foot straight plug, N pole and a straight wire diameter thick ribbed, L smaller diameter wire, and very smooth. Light within the body with black and white wire, black wire then L is generally very white leads are attached to the N pole. Qualifying position to the outlet ground plug length is not less than six feet, the company provides not less than 1.80m, the general use of closed-end wiring connector (pacifier), screw-in connector (toothpaste cap).
3.2 EN specifications
Two-core double insulated cable, feet round plug. Within the brown wire, blue wire, brown wire connected L pole, blue line then the N pole; three-core double insulated wire, three-pin round plug, there are brown, blue and yellow and green wire which Huang Green color wire is the ground wire, be sure to install the switch control line of fire, power line outlet length requirements for 1.85m, usually with terminal block wiring.
3.3 SAA /BS specifications
SAA with double insulated wire with a plug, flat-pin plug for the two eight-shaped (big or small), BS BS specifications with double insulation assembly line, with no plugs, BS plug designed for Class I, from the production line or put something from the guests, pin for the three flat foot was "goods"-shaped, screw plug pressure line code requirements to withstand 0.5Nm torque, power cord outlet length with VDE requirements.
3.4 GB Specifications:
Double insulated with double straight leg with flat plug power cord, pin, regardless of size, without holes, plug the power cord must have a CCC certification mark, the outlet length with VDE requirements.
4. Transformers
4.1 UL /cUL /CAS specifications
UL /CSA transformer primary voltage is 120V, the secondary according to the need for different, usually 12V, the secondary voltage as low current, so the qualifying times very coarse. Transformer requires UL /cUL /CAS certification.
4.2 EN specifications
Primary input voltage 230V, output voltage very much time for the 12V, the fuse connected to the primary. Require VDE.
4.3 GB specifications
CCC certification requires CQC or suppliers. Our use of the Sunrise's ring-type inductive transformer, a small part is used in electronic transformers.

V. Lighting products are mainly technical requirements
1. High Voltage Test:
A. UL /cUL Specifications:
Ordinary fixed lighting: 1500V/1.0mA/1 seconds; movable fixtures: 1500V/0.5mA/1 seconds;
B. EN Standards:
CLASS: 2U +1000 V/1mA/1 seconds; (U for the voltage value)
CLASS II: 4U +2750 V/1mA/1 seconds;
CLASS III: 500V/0.5mA/1 seconds;
High-pressure test, UL specifications Frequency 40 ~ 70Hz, leakage current does not exceed 0.5mA, and EN specifications 50/60Hz, leakage current: O Class II lighting 0.5mA; I like portable lamps 1.0mA; I like fixed lamps 1.0mA, nominal input power greater than 1kVA class I fixed every 1kVA, leakage current increases 1.0mA, maximum 5.0mA. Our test used is the equivalent value: CLASS I 2000 V/1mA/1 seconds; CLASS II 4000V/1mA/1 seconds
2. Ground resistance test:
A. UL /cUL specifications: with 12V, 25A current, measured ground resistance is less than 0.1Ω (100mΩ);
B. EN Standards: The no-load voltage is not less than 12V and not less than 10A of load current can reach in between the metal and the ground terminal, the measured ground resistance is less than 0.5Ω (500mΩ).
3. Tensile test (the power cord out light physical location or division within the packaging wiring connection point)
A. UL /cUL Specifications: 35Lbs /1 minute, the displacement can not exceed 1.6mm.
Anti-pull devices: pull ring, UL knot, the pressure line code, the maze structure
B. EN Standards: 13.5Lbs, 1 minute pull 25 times, each for 1 second, the displacement can not exceed 2mm.
Anti-pull devices: pull ring, the pressure line code, the maze structure
4. Torque
Screw joints must ensure that the appropriate torque to ensure the functionality and electrical performance is not affected. Head to bear a certain torque for one minute. E26, E27 and B22 Base: 2.0Nm E14 and B15 lamp holder (candle lamp except) 1.2Nm E14 and B15 candle lamp 0.5Nm. Junctions to prevent 360 ˙ a STOP bit rotation, bear 2.5Nm torque per revolution; M10 threaded connection the following Department withstand torque of 2.5Nm, M10 threaded for more than 5.0Nm torque
5. Wire numbers:
A. UL /cUL specifications: a minimum of 18AWG.
Exceptions: 1) full coverage live,
2) does not move,
3) transformer secondary wiring is,
You can use 18AWG ~ 24AWG wire.
Track Lights:
1) ADAPTOR (adapter) and light body part: 18AWG.
2) CONNECTOR (connectors) and the orbital part: 12AWG or cross-sectional area of ​​not less than 3.3mm2.
B. EN Standards:
The main power line:
1) General lighting: at least 0.75mm2
2) Other fixtures: At least 1.0mm2 (outdoor lights, lamps used in harsh environments)
3) When the band 10/16A socket, at least 1.0mm2
Inside the lamp leads:
1) Normal operating current greater than 2A: at least 0.5mm2, insulation thickness of 0.6mm.
2) the normal operating current less than 2A: at least 0.4mm2, insulation thickness of 0.5mm.
6. Wire connection:
A. UL /cUL specifications: power cord or internal lead wire with an internal connection between the connector can be closed-end (nipple), screw-in connector (toothpaste cap), solder connections, with a screw-in wiring inside wiring is not more than five.
B. EN Standards: Power line and the internal lead wire or internal connection between the terminal blocks can be used, closed end connector (pacifier), solder (do not accept the toothpaste cap).
Note: The wiring on the seat fixed to the metal, the need to pass the strands of an 8mm escape test. Usually in terminal block and metal pieces of paper in between the blocks as a supplement green shell insulation. Terminal Block, left to the user terminal, the need to identify the L, N or L, N, ground symbol.
7. Polarity distinction:
FireWire (L pole): connected lamp center conductive contacts, switching off the power L pole.
UL: Black and wire power cord in the spinal cord without convex;
EN: brown or red lines;
Neutral (N pole): connected or screw head contacts the side cover;
UL: white or two-wire power line wire with a ridge;
EN: blue or black line;
8. Open wire line treatment:
A. UL /cUL Specifications: On-line is less than 7mm, line end can be dipped tin, immersion tin length is not greater than 3.2 mm
B. EN Standards: slingshot-type terminals for the connection, can dip tin. Non-slingshot-type, copper terminals must be wrapped, and ≧ 5mm.
9. Off-line protection:
Wires through the metal parts in the lane at the line of protection set to increase (such as particles), or wire plus casing (silicone tube, yellow wax tubes, etc.);
10. Universal shaking his head over the line and other parts of the anti-rotation and torque test:
A. UL /cUL Specifications: movable connection point, the activities can not affect the conductor insulation, 360 ° rotation should be limited to less than, or in line with rotation test (6000). Twisted 2.26Nm /1 minute and hanging weight of 35 LBS or 4 times /minute (UL1598)
B. EN Standards: junction diameter ≦ M10mm, to reverse the test through 2.5Nm; connection diameter ≥ M10mm, to pass 5.0 Nm torsion test.
11. Screw connection:
A. UL /CSA specifications: self-tapping screws through the lamp body to be four times the weight of the weight of hoisting test.
B. EN standards: such as thread diameter less than 3.0mm, the connection must be implanted metal screws in the other, through loose screw to /tight five tests ≦ 2.8mm, 0.4mm; ≦ 3.0mm, 0.5Nm; ≦ 3.2, 0.6 Nm; 0.8Nm ...
12. Ceiling /Wall hanging weight test:
A. UL /cUL Specifications: Light weight four times the body weight /hour, part no visible deformation or damage.
B. EN Standards: light body weight four times the weight /hour, part no visible deformation or damage.
13. Dumping test (for portable lamps):
A. UL /cUL Specifications: portable lamps must be 8 ° dump test.
B. EN Standards:
1) 6 ° dump test: All movable lamps must pass this test;
2) 15 ° dump test: 6 ° test but not by non-normal temperature test (after the light source lamp dumping surface temperature higher than 175 ℃) for portable lamps must pass this test.
Dumping test, according to the most unfavorable direction of the light will light a stable place to test the platform.
14. Clamping force (for clip lamp):
A. UL /cUL specifications: each clip and 1.6mm thick, 38mm thick wooden iron, chandelier does not fall with weight one hour.
B. EN Standards:
1) were caught in:
a) 10mm glass,
b) can hold the most thick glass (20mm or 30mm ..., the thickest 40mm), pull the power cord with a 20N force, folders can not be moved;
2) Clamp 20mm diameter metal rod, pull the power cord with a 20N force, light can not fall. When the clip through the glass, but can not clip the metal rod, it can be indicated in the instructions are not allowed to clip on the rod.
15. Quartz lamp explosion-proof /UV UV: UV FILTER (UV filter)
A. UL /cUL Specifications: Unless with its anti-UV low pressure lamp, quartz lamp /floor lamp (5 feet high Torchiere excluded) to be added the following UV-100W lens, 2.4mm; ≥ 100W, 3.2mm.
B. EN Standards: unless its anti-UV low pressure lamp, quartz lamp /floor lamp lenses to be added proof, explosion-proof lens to pass 0.35Nm impact test.
16. Clearance (Clearance) and creepage distances (Creepage Distance)
A. UL /cUL Size: 6.4mm. Note: lamp, switch and transformer sub-polar CLASS II does not consider.
B. EN Standards:
1) basic insulation-50V: 0.2mm; 1.2mm; 250V: 1.7mm; 2.5mm.
2) add insulation-250V: 3.6mm.
3) enhance the insulation-250V: 6.5mm.
17. Surface temperature limit (normal temperature test only for portable lamps):
A. Base:
UL: Female head: up to 200 ℃ lamp 1 /4 "lead-bit: maximum 120 ℃
EN: There are signs of T, the maximum temperature T; non-T flag, E14 lamp maximum temperature of 135 ℃, E27 lamp maximum temperature of 165 ℃;
B. Shade:
UL: 90 ℃;
EN: None required (recommended not more than 95 ℃, the temperature is too high due to easy to burn people)
C. Always touch the metal parts:
UL: 50 ℃;
EN: 70 ℃
D. Often touch the non-metallic parts:
UL: 60 ℃;
EN: 75 ℃
E. Wooden parts up to temperature:
UL: 90 ℃;
EN: 90 ℃ (no direct contact with live parts wooden body) Special Note: Recess lights (downlights, recessed light fixtures) in the normal temperature:
I) on-IC-temperature protection is not jump, Enclosure temperature does not exceed 150 ℃;
II) IC-temperature protection is not jump, Enclosure temperature does not exceed 90 ℃.
18. Non-normal temperature test:
A. UL /cUL Specifications:
I) shade adjustable removable lighting: lamp close to the surface of the tissue attached to installed (tissue paper), then cover a layer of white cloth (cheese cloth), 7 working hours, paper and light can not pass high-pressure combustion test.
II) Recess lights (Non-IC and IC): 3 hours, temperature and lighting protection tripped the temperature does not exceed 160 ℃.
B. EN portable lighting specifications: by 30 N (Newton) force after the lamp close to the test surface, the temperature does not exceed 175 ℃.
19. Increased wire resistance temperature:
A. UL /cUL Size: 90 ℃, 105 ℃, 125 ℃ wire, jacketed minimum thickness of 0.5mm fiberglass casing can be considered after the conductor temperature 150 ℃ to use.
B. EN standards: EN specifications ordinary PVC wire temperature is 90 ℃, 90 ℃ marked the highest temperature of PVC heat resistant wire for the 105 ℃. They jacketed silicone tube or a higher temperature heat shrinkable tube, can increase the resistance to temperature to 125 ℃, but if you can not meet the actual need to use a higher temperature resistant wire.
20: Enclosure requirements:
In the light, the inclusion within the wire, wire connections, transformer /ballast coil, capacitor /resistor, switch /lamp and other electrical parts and live parts of the body known as the Enclosure. Note that the shell part is not necessarily Enclosure. For example: switch mounted on the base line in the end of the lamp, such as the switch and another switch is closed then the base can not be considered PACKER Enclosure; the contrary, such as switch no switch closure is the base for PACKER Enclosure.
A. Enclosure for the hardware, only consider its strength.
UL /cUL Specifications:
Housing (light tube)-Steel 0.66 mm, other metal 0.71mm; Junction Box (Junction Box) - iron 1.25 mm, other metal 2.3mm, casting 3.2mm. EN standards: no thickness requirements, but through the impact test:
1) Fixed lamp: 3.5 Nm,
2) movable general lighting: 0.5 Nm
3) movable garden lamps: 0.7 Nm
B. When the Enclosure of plastic parts, in addition to test its strength, but also testing the fire performance.
UL /cUL Size: usually asked to use UL Yellow Book V2 or better on the fire performance of plastic beer system, the thickness of no special requirements, but through the impact of test-7J (5ft-lb) 5 ft /1 lbs;
EN Standards:
a) fire performance through actual test:
1) Plastic body directly supporting live - ball pressure test (ball pressure) and the needle flame test (needle-flame);
2) The plastic does not directly support the live body - ball pressure test (ball pressure) and glow wire test (glow wire);
b) no thickness requirements, but through the impact test:
1) Fixed lamp: 0.35 Nm;
2) movable general lighting: 0.5 Nm;
3) movable garden lamps: 0.7 Nm;
C. When the Enclosure of the glass, only consider the intensity (mostly glass shade is Enclosure).
1) UL /cUL specifications: The minimum thickness of the glass shade 2.11mm;
2) EN specifications: no thickness requirements, but to pass the impact test (with a spring impactor).
1) Fixed lamp: 0.2 Nm;
2) movable ordinary lamps: 0.35Nm;
3) movable garden lamps: 0.5Nm;
NOTE: Ceiling plate, hanging plate, wall seat also is a kind of Enclosure. In order to cover the junction box, requiring that their vertical and horizontal dimensions greater than 125 mm. Requirements for iron hanging plate, thickness 1.5 ~ 2.0mm; ceiling hanging board with the word, asked to use wall hanging plate with hole keys.
21. Life testing;
Access to the appropriate voltage of the lamp power supply voltage to 110% of normal rated voltage, and fitted with the appropriate shade, the light switch in the highest gear in operation, at ambient temperature of 25 ± 5 ℃ for 24 hours under continuous . Tests need to look and function tests, lamps should be working properly, all parts of the non-melting, deformation, loosening and other anomalies; through the high pressure, to stop other related tests.
22. Split package:
UL Specifications: 1) only use the normal tools (such as screwdrivers, wrenches, pliers, a hammer) to complete the assembly can be left to complete the installation, and must provide installation instructions.
2) parts must be packed separately marked as "components to be installed." Decorative glass pieces do not specify.
3) If the user when the lamp assembly of wires may be turning, the pieces of wire are passed through the inner diameter of not less than 12.7mm; In addition, if there are pieces of wire in through the access points (for example, received a nipple connection points or wires through the pieces switch on the upper), then pass both ends of the tension device to have (anti-pull measures).
EN standards: If there are pieces of wire in through the access points (eg, nipple connection points or wires connected through the switch on the upper parts), then pass both ends of the tension device to have (anti-pull measures).
23. Drop test:
UL Standard: According to the weight of product packaging to determine the height of the drop:
Floor height: G ≦ 21LBS 30 "; 21 EN Standards: according to the weight of product packaging to determine the drop height: floor height: 0 ~ 7.5 kg = 125cm; 7.5 ~ 12.5 公斤 = 100cm; 15.5 ~ 17.5 公斤 = 75cm; 17.5 ~ 25 公斤 = 50cm; over 25 kg = 30cm ; place by packing the normal state transport in a free fall down the concrete floor. Select the three weakest side first throw on the ground, and then choose the weakest side of a throw to the ground, the weakest of the last election a corner throw on the ground. To be thrown out of the box after each inspection, any damage or functional failure will not be accepted.

six. Common lighting standards and special requirements
(A) EN Product specifications (ie CE products)
Since 1995, enter the EU (Austria Austria /Belgium Belgium /Denmark Demark /Finland Finland /France France /Germany Germany /Britain England /Greece Greece /Iceland Iceland /Ireland Ireland /Italy Italy /Netherlands Holland /Luxembourg, Luxembourg /Norway Norway /Portugal Portugal /Spain Spian /Sweden Sweden /Switzerland, Switzerland) of the products at CE system, in which manufacturers must ensure that the production of products fully comply with relevant EU directives and the production of CE documentation, you can enter the European Union CE mark attached, eliminating the need Any certification (for example, SEMKO, GS, NF, etc., these certifications are only as customer requirements). EU governments control the product quality through sampling, such as testing the product does not meet the requirements of relevant directives, the manufacturer will face large fines and penalties for prohibited products enter the EU. CE mark is a sign not of acceptable quality safety approval mark.
A kite with a CE mark, does not mean that can fly well, but only that the kite meet safety requirements.
A. Lighting products for the EU directive are:
a. Low Voltage Directive-Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC: working voltage of 50 ~ 1000V lamps must comply with EN60598 safety standards. (Including all lighting products currently Huayi)
b. Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive-EMC (Electro-magnetic Compatibility) Directive 89/336/EEC: Electromagnetic Compatibility lamps must comply with the EN55015 standard. (Mainly for embedded electronic circuit of the lamp)
c. Packaging Directive-Directive 94/62/EEC on Packaging and Packaging Waste: Packaging must comply with lighting requirements of this directive text. The main content can not be used Polyform (styrofoam), heavy metals can not be too high and so on. From July 1, 2006, the launch in the EU market of electrical and electronic equipment shall not contain lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) of six hazardous substances involved, including not more than AC 1000V, 1500V dc no more than eight class electrical and electronic products, covering almost all the big and small electrical and electronic equipment.
B. Current EN60598 standard (common part) EN60598-1: 2000 Luminaires-Part 1: General requirements and texts it contains a working voltage of 0 ~ 1000V lamps all safety requirements and test items. EN60598-2-1: 1989 Specification for fixed general purpose luminaries specified in EN60598-1 in which the terms applicable to general purpose fixed lamps, such lamps also shows some special requirements. EN60598-2-4: 1998 Portable General purpose luminaries specified in EN60598-2 in what should apply to general purpose portable lamps, an indication of some of the special requirements of such lamps. EN60598-2-6: 1995 Luminaires with built-in transtormers or converters for filament lamps specified in EN60598-1 in which the terms applicable to general purpose portable lamps, an indication of some of the special requirements of such lamps. EN60598-2-10: 1989 Specification for Portable child appealing luminaries specified in EN60598-1 in terms of which apply to children interested in portable lamps, an indication of some of the special requirements of such lamps. EN60598-2-23: 1997 Extra low voltage lighting systems for filament lamps specified in EN60598-1 in what should apply to extra-low voltage lamps (CLASS Ⅲ), an indication of some of the special requirements of such lamps.
C. CE file main elements: the whole lamp test reports, the main electrical components of a certificate /test report and related quality control documents (eg drawings, specifications, BOM, etc.).
Note: EN products, products listed on the CDF use only the electrical parts. CDF-Component Data Form, these parts require a certificate. Our current production of lamps according to CE specifications, the main electrical components have VDE certification is optional, such as lamp holder, wire, plug lines. Class Ⅱ portable lamps commonly used in two straight legs round plug connector; containing electronic circuit components, have a EMC certification.
China's national standards for lighting products is GB7000 series, corresponding to the IEC60598 series (EN60598 series). From May 1, 2003, the Chinese market in all electrical and electronic products, the implementation of China Compulsory Certification system, marked as "" certification mark of the name "China Compulsory Certification" (English name "China Compulsory Certification" , the initials "CCC", also referred to as "3C" sign). 3C certification include electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements. All electrical and electronic products, only through the 3C certification, affixed to the corresponding flag in the Chinese market.
3C certification mark used four: safety certification mark; safety and electromagnetic compatibility flag, fire certification marks, electromagnetic compatibility flag. Our company's domestic product, is used in CQC certification and logo E14, E27 lamp holder, 3C certification and CCC mark the wires, plug wire.
Class Ⅱ portable lamps using double straight pin flat plug, Ⅰ type portable lamps use three-pin flat plug character,
(C) the United States, Canada UL specifications:
Export of products the U.S. and Canada to impose electromagnetic compatibility requirements of FCC certification. Lighting requirements for product safety is a major UL153, ​​UL1598 two mandatory files. Our products main features of UL Standard:
1) The voltage AC120V 60HZ; system using IEC60598 standard,
(A) grid voltage is AC220V ~ 250V 50Hz;
(B) plug in South Africa three round-pin plug;
(C) EMC requirements for electronic products.
(H) BS (UK) Specifications: The IEC60598 system, national standards for the BS.
(A) voltage of AC240V, 50HZ
(B) use the square three-pin plugs
(C) available B15, B22 bayonet cap.

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